THE whiteheaded vulture is a rare species found over most of Africa, south of the Sahara.It avoids forests and deserts and is absent from 29° south.These vultures like woodland and semi-desert scrub. Found solitary or in pairs, they roost in trees at night, flying out early to forage within restricted areas. They usually arrive first at a carcass but cannot compete with the bigger vultures when they arrive but later pirate chunks from them. They are usually silent but have a shrill chattering around the carcass. Apart from carrion, they do kill for themselves, at times often feeding on hares, lizards, guinea fowls, nestling flamingos and their eggs.
The breeding season is from May to August. One white egg is laid in a nest which is a large platform of sticks lined with grass. They like to build the nest on top of baobab or other flat-topped acacia trees. Incubation is about 55 days and nestlings remain for 110 days.
The African name is mawalangi and in Afrikaans, witkopaasvoel.